US Fish and Wildlife Service 2002 Landcover

SDE Raster Dataset

Tags
North Dakota, 1992-1996, imagery, environment, SD, ND, South Dakota, landcover, May Imagery, Prairie Pothole Joint Venture, farming, wetland, September Imagery, Prairie Pothole Region

Description

Update of the 1996, US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), Region 6 land classification to map upland waterfowl nesting cover in the North and South Dakota and northeast Montana portion of the Prairie Pothole Region. The updated classification contains 9 classes and imagery dates range from the late 90's through 2002.

Summary

The development of a FWS Region 6, Prairie Pothole Region landcover image was initiated to support the implementation, evaluation, and monitoring of the North American Waterfowl Management Plan Prairie Pothole Joint Venture. Wetland digital data was available via National Wetlands Inventory, and a complementory landcover layer was needed as a base information layer for modeling landscape variables that relate physical attributes of the landscape with the spatial, temporal, and habitat needs of wetland and grassland dependent migratory birds.

Credits

US Fish and Wildlife Service

Use limitations

Use at your own risk

Scale Range

Metadata 

Topics and Keywords 

Themes or categories of the resource  environment, imageryBaseMapsEarthCover, farming


*Content type  Downloadable Data


Place keywords  North Dakota, SD, ND, South Dakota, Prairie Pothole Joint Venture, Prairie Pothole Region

Temporal keywords  1992-1996, May Imagery, September Imagery

Theme keywords  imagery, environment, landcover, farming, wetland

Citation 

Title US Fish and Wildlife Service 2002 Landcover
Publication date 2001-01-17


Presentation formats* digital table


Series
Name National Wildlife Refuge Boundary Data
Issue Detailed Landcover

Citation Contacts 

Responsible party
Organization's name U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Refuges & Wildlife, Region 6
Contact's role  originator


Resource Details 

Dataset languages  English (UNITED STATES)


Status  completed
Spatial representation type* grid


*Processing environment Microsoft Windows 7 Version 6.1 (Build 7601) Service Pack 1; Esri ArcGIS 10.3.1.4959


Credits
*Name NDHUB.LANDCLASS_USFWS_2002

Extents 

Extent
Description
Research of Region 6 Realty files

Temporal extent
Date and time 2001-01-17

Extent
Geographic extent
Bounding rectangle
Extent type  Extent used for searching
*West longitude -104.350858
*East longitude -96.406251
*North latitude 49.114401
*South latitude 45.822645
*Extent contains the resource Yes

Extent in the item's coordinate system
*West longitude 108626.866022
*East longitude 689380.241336
*South latitude 5086699.779625
*North latitude 5440173.335160
*Extent contains the resource Yes

Resource Points of Contact 

Point of contact
Individual's name Chuck Loesch
Organization's name Habitat and Population Evaluation Team, US Fish and Wildlife Service
Contact's position Wildlife Biologist
Contact's role  point of contact


Contact information
Phone
Voice 701-250-4413 Contact_TDD TTY_Telephone: 701-250-4413
Fax 701-250-4412

Address
Type both
Delivery point 3425 Miriam Ave
Delivery point USFWS
City Bismarck
Administrative area North Dakota
Postal code 58501
Country US
e-mail addresschuck_loesch@fws.gov

Hours of service
8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Monday Through Friday

Contact instructions
none



Resource Maintenance 

Resource maintenance
Update frequency  as needed


Resource Constraints 

Legal constraints
Limitations of use
USFWS Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the accuracy or utility of the data on any other system or for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. This disclaimer applies both to individual use of the data and aggregate use with other data. It is strongly recomended that these data are directly acquired from the US Fish and Wildlife Service, and not indirectly through other sources which may have changed the data in some way. It is also strongly recommended that careful attention be paid to the contents of the metadata file associated with these data. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service shall not be held liable for improper use of the data described and or contained herein.

Constraints
Limitations of use
Use at your own risk

Spatial Reference 

ArcGIS coordinate system
*Type Projected
*Geographic coordinate reference GCS_North_American_1983
*Projection NAD_1983_UTM_Zone_14N
*Coordinate reference details
Projected coordinate system
Well-known identifier 26914
X origin -5120900
Y origin -9998100
XY scale 450445547.3910538
XY tolerance 0.001
High precision true
Latest well-known identifier 26914
Well-known text PROJCS["NAD_1983_UTM_Zone_14N", GEOGCS["GCS_North_American_1983", DATUM["D_North_American_1983", SPHEROID["GRS_1980", 6378137.0, 298.257222101]], PRIMEM["Greenwich", 0.0], UNIT["Degree", 0.0174532925199433]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["False_Easting", 500000.0], PARAMETER["False_Northing", 0.0], PARAMETER["Central_Meridian", -99.0], PARAMETER["Scale_Factor", 0.9996], PARAMETER["Latitude_Of_Origin", 0.0], UNIT["Meter", 1.0], AUTHORITY["EPSG", 26914]]

Reference system identifier
*Value 26914
*Codespace EPSG
*Version 8.6.2


Spatial Data Content 

Image Description
Percent cloud cover 0.02


Data Quality 

Scope of quality information
Resource level  dataset




Data quality report - Conceptual consistency
Measure description
Logical Consistency is implicit in the raster image data structure.





Data quality report - Completeness omission
Measure description
Data completeness digital files reflects the extent to which geographic features may be extracted from the source image data. Features may have been eliminated or generalized due to scaling, resampling, majority filtering, and pixel clump elimination generalization constraints. The content will include only those features that are discernable through the multispectral image processing techniques applied to the source image data.





Data quality report - Absolute external positional accuracy
Dimension horizontal


Measure description
Source TM image wsa geocoded using 7.5' 1:24000 scale topgraphic sheets. The minimum mapping unit is 10 28.5 meter cells, or five acres.





Lineage 

Process step
When the process occurred 1996-19-98
Description
Landcover database derived from 2 co-registered multispectral landsat TM 5 scenes (P34R26; P33R26-27; P32R26-28; P31R26-29; P30R27-30; and P29R29-30). Geocoding and image-to-image referencing was conducted on each of the 16 pairs of images, which were georeferenced to USGS 1:24000 scale topographic map sheets. Six bands (bands 1-5 and 7) from each co-registered scene were stacked to produce a single 12-band imagine raster file. The Imagine ISODATA algorithm was applied to the 12-band image to generate 240 spectral class signatures The Imagine maximum-likelihood classifier was then applied using the resulting signatures to assign all image pixels from the 1-2-band image to 240 classes. The resulting classes were compared to ground truth information collected during summers 1996 and 1997 for the purpose of interpretation and grouping. The 240 classes were interpreted and grouped into eight landcover classes (grassland, undisturbed grass, alfalfa hayland, cropland, forest, barren, water, and riparian). A 3x3 cell majority filter was passed once over the resulting landcover image to eliminate noise. he image was then tiled into 9 separate subwindows which were each processed with the Imagine clump process to identify contiguous areas of landcover. The imagine eliminate process was then conducted on each of the nine clump subwindows to eliminate clumps smaller than 10 pixels, or five acres in the area. The generalized images were then stitched together using the Imagine mosaic process. Wetland basin information provided by the US Fish and Wildlife Service were overlaid with the resulting 8-class image to add wetland classes (temporary, seasonal, semipermanent, lake, river). Manual interpretation of the image to identify urban built up landcover was conducted by EarthSatellite Corp. These urban built-up areas were overlaid with the landcover image and combined with the barren landcover class. An accuracy assessment was conducted upon the completion of the classification process for each scene. Ground data collected on 954,865 acres was partitioned into 2 data sets, one was used as training data and the remaining 50 percent was used for assessment of classification accuracy. An assessment of accuracy was conducted both on individual scenes and on a final mosaiked image. Imagine software was used to stitch all 16 scenes together into one image using the mosaic command. Users accuracy for individual scenes for both the grassland and undisturbed grassland was used to determine the order of overlay in the mosaiked image. Classification accuracy for individual scenes ranged from 80-92% and an assessment of the mosaiked image indicated an accuracy more than 80 percent.



Process contact
Individual's name Chuck Loesch
Organization's name Habitat and Population Evaluation Team, US Fish and Wildlife Service
Contact's position Wildlife Biologist
Contact's role  processor


Contact information
Phone
Voice 701-250-4413 Contact_TDD TTY_Telephone: 701-250-4413
Fax 701-250-4412

Address
Type both
Delivery point USFWS
Delivery point 3425 Miriam Ave
City Bismarck
Administrative area North Dakota
Postal code 58501
Country US
e-mail addresschuck_loesch@fws.gov

Hours of service
8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Monday Through Friday

Contact instructions
none





Source data
Description
spatial and attribute data



Source citation
Title All Landsat TM 5 Images required to cover the extents of the Prairie Pothole Region of North and South Dakota. One scene for each path row combination for May and September.
Alternate titles  None
Publication date 1992-19-96


FGDC geospatial presentation format  Imagine image map database


Responsible party
Organization's name US Fish and WIldlife Service and or Ducks Unlimited
Contact's role  publisher


Contact information
Address
Delivery point Rockville, Maryland



Responsible party
Organization's name Earth Satellite Corp.
Contact's role  originator




Extent of the source data
Description
publication date

Temporal extent
Beginning date 1992-01-01
Ending date 1996-01-01



Distribution 

Distributor
Contact information
Individual's name Chuck Loesch
Organization's name Habitat and Population Evaluation Team, US Fish and Wildlife Service
Contact's position Wildlife Biologist
Contact's role  distributor


Contact information
Phone
Voice 701-250-4413 Contact_TDD TTY_Telephone: 701-250-4413
Fax 701-250-4412

Address
Type both
Delivery point 3425 Miriam Ave
Delivery point USFWS
City Bismarck
Administrative area North Dakota
Postal code 58501
Country US
e-mail addresschuck_loesch@fws.gov

Hours of service
8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Monday Through Friday

Contact instructions
none



Available format
Name ARC INFO
Version 8.2
Specification export
File decompression technique No compression applied


Ordering process
Terms and fees none
Turnaround time
variable

Instructions
email contact


Transfer options
Transfer size 70


Medium of distribution
Medium name  4mm cartridge tape


How data is written  tar


Limitations for using the medium
unix



Transfer options
Online source
Description  hardcopy, digital



Distributor
Contact information
Individual's name Chuck Loesch
Organization's name Habitat and Population Evaluation Team, US Fish and Wildlife Service
Contact's position Wildlife Biologist
Contact's role  distributor


Contact information
Phone
Voice 701-250-4413 Contact_TDD TTY_Telephone: 701-250-4413
Fax 701-250-4412

Address
Type both
Delivery point 3425 Miriam Ave
Delivery point USFWS
City Bismarck
Administrative area North Dakota
Postal code 58501
Country US
e-mail addresschuck_loesch@fws.gov

Hours of service
8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Monday Through Friday

Contact instructions
none



Ordering process
Terms and fees None
Turnaround time
variable

Instructions
email contact


Transfer options
Medium of distribution
Medium name  hardcopy


Limitations for using the medium
hardcopy



Transfer options
Online source
Description  hardcopy, digital



Distributor
Contact information
Individual's name Chuck Loesch
Organization's name Habitat and Population Evaluation Team, US Fish and Wildlife Service
Contact's position Wildlife Biologist
Contact's role  distributor


Contact information
Phone
Voice 701-250-4413 Contact_TDD TTY_Telephone: 701-250-4413
Fax 701-250-4412

Address
Type both
Delivery point 3425 Miriam Ave
Delivery point USFWS
City Bismarck
Administrative area North Dakota
Postal code 58501
Country US
e-mail addresschuck_loesch@fws.gov

Hours of service
8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Monday Through Friday

Contact instructions
none



Available format
Name ERDAS
Version 8.4
Specification imagine
File decompression technique Win Zip


Ordering process
Terms and fees None
Turnaround time
variable

Instructions
email


Transfer options
Transfer size 36.9


Medium of distribution
Medium name  CD-ROM


How data is written  iso9660 (CD-ROM)


Limitations for using the medium
None



Transfer options
Online source
Description  hardcopy, digital



Distribution format
*Name SDE Raster Dataset


Fields 

Details for object NDHUB.SDE_VAT_46 
*Type Table
*Row count 10
Definition
code representing 1 of 16 classified landcovers

Definition source
these codes are specific to resource issues in the prairies concerning nesting waterfowl. A crosswalk to NVCS has been completed and is available from the HAPET Office.



Field OBJECTID
 
*Alias OBJECTID
*Data type OID
*Width 4
*Precision 10
*Scale 0
*Field description
Internal feature number.

*Description source
ESRI

*Description of values
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.





Field VALUE
 
*Alias VALUE
*Data type Integer
*Width 4
*Precision 10
*Scale 0




Field COUNT
 
*Alias COUNT
*Data type Integer
*Width 4
*Precision 10
*Scale 0




Field CLASS_NAME
 
*Alias CLASS_NAME
*Data type String
*Width 40
*Precision 0
*Scale 0






Overview Description
Entity and Attribute Overview
Landcover entities are identified through attributes for image cell values. A single landcover type is assigned as an attribute to each image cell. The SDTS model of spatial phenomena describes the real world as consisting of entities which are characterized by attributes which have attribute values. Imagine raster images do not explicitly use this entity-attribute-attribute value model.



Entity and Attribute Detail Citation
Items, Codes, and Description of each code





Metadata Details 

Metadata language English (UNITED STATES)
Metadata character set  utf8 - 8 bit UCS Transfer Format


Scope of the data described by the metadata  dataset
Scope name* dataset


*Last update 2016-01-27


ArcGIS metadata properties
Metadata format ArcGIS 1.0


Created in ArcGIS for the item 2008-12-18 09:49:19
Last modified in ArcGIS for the item 2016-01-27 09:54:46


Automatic updates
Have been performed Yes
Last update 2016-01-27 09:54:46


Metadata Contacts 

Metadata contact
Individual's name Chuck Loesch
Organization's name Habitat and Population Evaluation Team, US Fish and Wildlife Service
Contact's position Wildlife Biologist
Contact's role  point of contact


Contact information
Phone
Voice 701-250-4413 Contact_TDD TTY_Telephone: 701-250-4413
Fax 701-250-4412

Address
Type both
Delivery point USFWS
Delivery point 3425 Miriam Ave
City Bismarck
Administrative area North Dakota
Postal code 58501
Country US
e-mail addresschuck_loesch@fws.gov

Hours of service
8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Monday Through Friday

Contact instructions
none



Metadata Constraints 

Security constraints
Classification  unclassified
Classification system None


Additional restrictions
None ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Generated by mp <http: geology.usgs.gov tools metadata tools doc mp.html> version 2.8.21 on Wed Mar 23 11:07:41 2005