U.S. ZIP Code Points

SDE Feature Class

Tags
location, 2001, post offices, locations, five-digit zip codes, enclosing zip codes, zip codes, United States, point

Description

U.S. ZIP Code Points represents five-digit ZIP Code areas as points by placing the location using delivery based centroids and those ZIP Codes that have few or no street delivery locations or are assigned to a single organization such as a business which has street delivery.

Summary

U.S. ZIP Code Points provides the post office name, types, and area for each ZIP Code location in the United States.

Credits

United States Postal Service

Use limitations

The data are provided by multiple, third party data vendors under license to ESRI for inclusion on ESRI Data & Maps CD–ROMs for use with ESRI® software. Each data vendor has its own data licensing policies and may grant varying redistribution rights to end users. Please consult the redistribution rights below for this data set provided on ESRI Data & Maps CD–ROMs. As used herein, “Geodata” shall mean any digital data set consisting of geographic data coordinates and associated attributes. The redistribution rights for this data set: Redistribution rights are granted by the data vendor for hard-copy renditions or static, electronic map images (e.g. .gif, .jpeg, etc.) that are plotted, printed, or publicly displayed with proper metadata and source/copyright attribution to the respective data vendor(s). Geodata is redistributable with a Value-Added Software Application developed by ESRI Business Partners on a royalty-free basis with proper metadata and source/copyright attribution to the respective data vendor(s). The terms and conditions below apply to all the data sets provided on the ESRI Data & Maps CD–ROMs. Proprietary Rights and Copyright: Licensee acknowledges that the Data and Related Materials contain proprietary and confidential property of ESRI and its licensor(s). The Data and Related Materials are owned by ESRI and its licensor(s) and are protected by United States copyright laws and applicable international copyright treaties and/or conventions. Limited Warranty and Disclaimer: ESRI warrants that the media upon which the Data and Related Materials are provided will be free from defects in materials and workmanship under normal use and service for a period of ninety (90) days from the date of receipt. THE DATA AND RELATED MATERIALS ARE EXCLUDED FROM THE LIMITED WARRANTY, AND THE LICENSEE EXPRESSLY ACKNOWLEDGES THAT THE DATA CONTAINS SOME NONCONFORMITIES, DEFECTS, OR ERRORS. ESRI DOES NOT WARRANT THAT THE DATA WILL MEET LICENSEE'S NEEDS OR EXPECTATIONS; THAT THE USE OF THE DATA WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED; OR THAT ALL NONCONFORMITIES, DEFECTS, OR ERRORS CAN OR WILL BE CORRECTED. ESRI IS NOT INVITING RELIANCE ON THIS DATA, AND THE LICENSEE SHOULD ALWAYS VERIFY ACTUAL DATA. EXCEPT FOR THE LIMITED WARRANTY SET FORTH ABOVE, THE DATA AND RELATED MATERIALS CONTAINED THEREIN ARE PROVIDED "AS-IS," WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Exclusive Remedy and Limitation of Liability: The entire liability of ESRI or its licensor(s) and Licensee's exclusive remedy shall be to terminate the Agreement upon Licensee returning the Data and Related Materials to ESRI with a copy of Licensee's invoice/receipt and ESRI returning the license fees paid to Licensee. IN NO EVENT SHALL ESRI AND/OR ITS LICENSOR(S) BE LIABLE FOR COSTS OF PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOST PROFITS, LOST SALES, OR BUSINESS EXPENDITURES, INVESTMENTS, OR COMMITMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH ANY BUSINESS; LOSS OF ANY GOODWILL; OR FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THIS AGREEMENT OR USE OF THE DATA AND RELATED MATERIALS, HOWEVER CAUSED, ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, AND WHETHER OR NOT ESRI OR ITS LICENSOR(S) HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. THESE LIMITATIONS SHALL APPLY NOTWITHSTANDING ANY FAILURE OF ESSENTIAL PURPOSE OF ANY EXCLUSIVE REMEDY. Third Party Beneficiary: ESRI's licensor(s) has (have) authorized ESRI to (sub)distribute and (sub)license its (their) data as incorporated into the Data and Related Materials. As an intended third party beneficiary to this Agreement, the ESRI licensor(s) is (are) entitled to directly enforce, in its own name, the rights and obligations undertaken by the Licensee and to seek all legal and equitable remedies as are afforded to ESRI. In the event that the data vendor(s) has (have) granted the end user permission to redistribute the Geodata, please use proper proprietary or copyright attribution for the various data vendor(s), and provide the associated metadata file(s) with the Geodata. In compliance with FGDC metadata standards, ESRI has attempted to practice proper metadata methodologies by providing any data source information, descriptions, and file names to assist in this effort.

Metadata 

Topics and Keywords 

Themes or categories of the resource  location


Content type  Offline Data


Place keywords  United States

Temporal keywords  2001

Theme keywords  location, post offices, locations, five-digit zip codes, enclosing zip codes, zip codes, point

Citation 

Title U.S. ZIP Code Points
Publication date 2002-04-01


Edition 2002


Presentation formats* digital map


Series
Name ESRI Data & Maps
Issue 2002

Other citation details


Citation Contacts 

Responsible party
Organization's name Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (ESRI)
Contact's role  publisher


Contact information
Address
Delivery point Redlands, California, USA



Responsible party
Organization's name Geographic Data Technology, Inc. (GDT)
Contact's role  originator


Responsible party
Organization's name Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (ESRI)
Contact's role  originator


Resource Details 

Dataset languages  English (UNITED STATES)


Status  completed
Spatial representation type* vector


Supplemental information
*Processing environment Microsoft Windows 7 Version 6.1 (Build 7601) Service Pack 1; Esri ArcGIS 10.3.1.4959


Credits
United States Postal Service

*Name NDHUB.ZIP5Centroids
*Location Server=ndhub.itd.nd.gov; Service=sde:oracle$ndhub.itd.nd.gov/gisp_svc.itd.nd.gov; User=ndhub; Version=SDE.DEFAULT

Extents 

Extent
Description
ground condition

Temporal extent
Date and time 2001-11-01

Extent
Geographic extent
Bounding rectangle
Extent type  Extent used for searching
*West longitude -104.005887
*East longitude -96.608198
*North latitude 48.963633
*South latitude 45.978578
*Extent contains the resource Yes

Extent in the item's coordinate system
*West longitude -104.005887
*East longitude -96.608198
*South latitude 45.978578
*North latitude 48.963633
*Extent contains the resource Yes

Resource Points of Contact 

Point of contact
Individual's name Data Team
Organization's name Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (ESRI)
Contact's role  point of contact


Contact information
Phone
Voice 909-793-2853
Fax 909-793-5953

Address
Type both
Delivery point 380 New York Street
City Redlands
Administrative area California
Postal code 92373-8100
Country US
e-mail addressinfo@esri.com

Hours of service
8:00 a.m.–5:30 p.m. Pacific time, Monday–Friday

Contact instructions
In the United States– Please direct all inquiries regarding software/data pricing and consulting services to your local ESRI Regional Office. For support, you may contact Technical Support by telephone (voice) between 6:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. Pacific time, Monday through Friday, by dialing 909-793-3774; facsimile (fax) available at 909-792-0960; electronic mail (e-mail) support@esri.com; or visit http://support.esri.com; ESRI holidays excluded. Outside the United States– Please direct all inquiries regarding software/data pricing, sales, support, and consulting services to your local ESRI International Distributor. This information can be found at http://gis.esri.com/intldist/contactint.cfm. For other questions or comments, you may contact ESRI headquarters by e-mail, telephone, or fax or write to us.



Resource Maintenance 

Resource maintenance

Resource Constraints 

Legal constraints
Limitations of use
See use constraints.

Other constraints
Access granted to Licensee only.

Constraints
Limitations of use
The data are provided by multiple, third party data vendors under license to ESRI for inclusion on ESRI Data & Maps CD–ROMs for use with ESRI® software. Each data vendor has its own data licensing policies and may grant varying redistribution rights to end users. Please consult the redistribution rights below for this data set provided on ESRI Data & Maps CD–ROMs. As used herein, “Geodata” shall mean any digital data set consisting of geographic data coordinates and associated attributes. The redistribution rights for this data set: Redistribution rights are granted by the data vendor for hard-copy renditions or static, electronic map images (e.g. .gif, .jpeg, etc.) that are plotted, printed, or publicly displayed with proper metadata and source/copyright attribution to the respective data vendor(s). Geodata is redistributable with a Value-Added Software Application developed by ESRI Business Partners on a royalty-free basis with proper metadata and source/copyright attribution to the respective data vendor(s). The terms and conditions below apply to all the data sets provided on the ESRI Data & Maps CD–ROMs. Proprietary Rights and Copyright: Licensee acknowledges that the Data and Related Materials contain proprietary and confidential property of ESRI and its licensor(s). The Data and Related Materials are owned by ESRI and its licensor(s) and are protected by United States copyright laws and applicable international copyright treaties and/or conventions. Limited Warranty and Disclaimer: ESRI warrants that the media upon which the Data and Related Materials are provided will be free from defects in materials and workmanship under normal use and service for a period of ninety (90) days from the date of receipt. THE DATA AND RELATED MATERIALS ARE EXCLUDED FROM THE LIMITED WARRANTY, AND THE LICENSEE EXPRESSLY ACKNOWLEDGES THAT THE DATA CONTAINS SOME NONCONFORMITIES, DEFECTS, OR ERRORS. ESRI DOES NOT WARRANT THAT THE DATA WILL MEET LICENSEE'S NEEDS OR EXPECTATIONS; THAT THE USE OF THE DATA WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED; OR THAT ALL NONCONFORMITIES, DEFECTS, OR ERRORS CAN OR WILL BE CORRECTED. ESRI IS NOT INVITING RELIANCE ON THIS DATA, AND THE LICENSEE SHOULD ALWAYS VERIFY ACTUAL DATA. EXCEPT FOR THE LIMITED WARRANTY SET FORTH ABOVE, THE DATA AND RELATED MATERIALS CONTAINED THEREIN ARE PROVIDED "AS-IS," WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Exclusive Remedy and Limitation of Liability: The entire liability of ESRI or its licensor(s) and Licensee's exclusive remedy shall be to terminate the Agreement upon Licensee returning the Data and Related Materials to ESRI with a copy of Licensee's invoice/receipt and ESRI returning the license fees paid to Licensee. IN NO EVENT SHALL ESRI AND/OR ITS LICENSOR(S) BE LIABLE FOR COSTS OF PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOST PROFITS, LOST SALES, OR BUSINESS EXPENDITURES, INVESTMENTS, OR COMMITMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH ANY BUSINESS; LOSS OF ANY GOODWILL; OR FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THIS AGREEMENT OR USE OF THE DATA AND RELATED MATERIALS, HOWEVER CAUSED, ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, AND WHETHER OR NOT ESRI OR ITS LICENSOR(S) HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. THESE LIMITATIONS SHALL APPLY NOTWITHSTANDING ANY FAILURE OF ESSENTIAL PURPOSE OF ANY EXCLUSIVE REMEDY. Third Party Beneficiary: ESRI's licensor(s) has (have) authorized ESRI to (sub)distribute and (sub)license its (their) data as incorporated into the Data and Related Materials. As an intended third party beneficiary to this Agreement, the ESRI licensor(s) is (are) entitled to directly enforce, in its own name, the rights and obligations undertaken by the Licensee and to seek all legal and equitable remedies as are afforded to ESRI. In the event that the data vendor(s) has (have) granted the end user permission to redistribute the Geodata, please use proper proprietary or copyright attribution for the various data vendor(s), and provide the associated metadata file(s) with the Geodata. In compliance with FGDC metadata standards, ESRI has attempted to practice proper metadata methodologies by providing any data source information, descriptions, and file names to assist in this effort.

Spatial Reference 

ArcGIS coordinate system
*Type Geographic
*Geographic coordinate reference GCS_North_American_1983
*Coordinate reference details
Geographic coordinate system
Well-known identifier 4269
X origin -400
Y origin -400
XY scale 999999999.99999988
Z origin 0
Z scale 1
M origin 0
M scale 1
XY tolerance 8.98315284119521e-009
Z tolerance 0.001
M tolerance 0.001
High precision true
Left longitude -180
Latest well-known identifier 4269
Well-known text GEOGCS["GCS_North_American_1983", DATUM["D_North_American_1983", SPHEROID["GRS_1980", 6378137.0, 298.257222101]], PRIMEM["Greenwich", 0.0], UNIT["Degree", 0.0174532925199433], AUTHORITY["EPSG", 4269]]

Reference system identifier
*Value 4269
*Codespace EPSG
*Version 8.6.2


Spatial Data Properties 

Scale Range

Maximum (zoomed in)  1:5,000
Minimum (zoomed out)  1:500,000
Vector
*Level of topology for this dataset  geometry only


Geometric objects
Feature class name NDHUB.ZIP5Centroids
*Object type  point
*Object count 414



ArcGIS Feature Class Properties
Feature class name NDHUB.ZIP5Centroids
*Feature type Simple
*Geometry type Point
*Has topology FALSE
*Feature count 414
*Spatial index TRUE
*Linear referencing FALSE



Data Quality 

Scope of quality information
Resource level  dataset




Data quality report - Conceptual consistency
Measure description
No duplicate features are present.





Data quality report - Completeness omission
Measure description
After processing, the data set is checked for drawing display and number of records and file sizes compared with source materials.





Data quality report - Absolute external positional accuracy
Dimension horizontal


Measure description
The geospatial part of this data set was extracted from many sources. Most locations are based on 2000 Census Version TIGER/Line™ files (CD–ROM edition), processed to improve their accuracy, then placed as points based on the actual distribution of residential deliveries within each ZIP code polygon. Residential Post Office ZIP Codes (with RPO_flag R) are placed at the actual location of the post office. Other ZIP Code points include Post Office box ZIP Codes and Unique ZIP Codes (single site, building or organization). Due to the different sources and methods used, the horizontal accuracy is unknown.





Lineage 

Process step
When the process occurred 2002-02-19
Description
The following steps were performed by ESRI for Data & Maps 2002: Extracted state ZIP Code geography from GDT Dynamap/ZIP Code Boundary & Inventory Files. Converted Hawaii to North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83). Appended the states into one national data set. Copied Area attribute from U.S. ZIP Code Areas data set. Removed unnecessary attributes and reformatted all attributes. Created ArcView legend file (.avl), ArcGIS™ layer file (.lyr) file, projection file (.prj), and spatial indices.



Source data
Relationship to the process step used


Source citation
Alternate titles  GDT Dynamap/ZIP Code Boundary & Inventory Files v10.0








Process step
When the process occurred 2002-01-01
Description
Most ZIP Code points are placed based on the actual distribution of residential deliveries within each ZIP Code area. Delivery-based locations may be thought of as "residential delivery" weighted centroids. When delivery information is unavailable for a particular ZIP Code area, the location will be placed based on the geographic center of the ZIP Code area. Residential Post Office ZIP Codes (with RPO_flag R) are placed at the actual location of the post office. If the actual location cannot be found, the centroid of the enclosing ZIP Code is used. Other ZIP Code points include Post Office box ZIP Codes and Unique ZIP Codes (single site, building or organization).



Source data
Relationship to the process step produced


Source citation
Alternate titles  GDT Dynamap/ZIP Code Boundary & Inventory Files v10.0








Source data
Description
Attribute and geospatial data



Source medium name  CD-ROM
Resolution of the source data
Scale denominator 100000

Source citation
Title Dynamap/ZIP Code Boundary & Inventory Files v10.0
Alternate titles  GDT Dynamap/ZIP Code Boundary & Inventory Files v10.0
Publication date 2002-01-01


Edition Version 10.0


Presentation formats  digital map
FGDC geospatial presentation format  vector digital data


Series
Name Dynamap®/ZIP Code Boundary & Inventory Files
Issue v10.0

Responsible party
Organization's name Geographic Data Technology, Inc.
Contact's role  originator


Responsible party
Organization's name Geographic Data Technology, Inc
Contact's role  publisher


Contact information
Address
Delivery point Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA





Extent of the source data
Description
ground condition

Temporal extent
Date and time 2001-11-01



Distribution 

Distributor
Contact information
Organization's name Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (ESRI); ESRI International Distributors
Contact's role  distributor


Contact information
Phone
Voice 800-447-9778

Address
Type both
Delivery point 380 New York Street
City Redlands
Administrative area California
Postal code 92373-8100
Country US

Contact instructions
In the United States, contact the ESRI Telesales staff at 800-447-9778 for more information about our software and data. Outside the United States, please direct all inquiries to your local ESRI International Distributor. This information can be found at http://gis.esri.com/intldist/contactint.cfm.



Available format
Name SHP
Specification The SHP file contains the geospatial data. The SHX file contains the index of the geospatial data. The DBF file contains the attribute data in dBASE format. The PRJ file contains the coordinate system information (optional). The AVL file contains the legend information (optional). The SBN and SBX files contain the spatial index of the geospatial data (optional). The XML file contains the metadata describing the data set <data set name>.shp.xml (optional).
File decompression technique no compression applied
Technical prerequisites To use this data requires software that supports ArcView® GIS shapefiles.


Ordering process
Terms and fees Software purchase price

Transfer options
Medium of distribution
Medium name  CD-ROM


How data is written  iso9660 (CD-ROM)
Recording density 650
Density units of measure MB (megabytes)




Distribution format
*Name SDE Feature Class


Fields 

Details for object NDHUB.ZIP5Centroids 
*Type Feature Class
*Row count 414
Definition
The points represent areas where mail is delivered (from a city block or two to a whole rural town), Residential Post Office locations,  Post Office box ZIP Codes, and unique ZIP Codes (single site, building or organization) within United States.

Definition source
Geographic Data Technology, Inc.



Field OBJECTID
 
*Alias OBJECTID
*Data type OID
*Width 4
*Precision 10
*Scale 0
*Field description
Internal feature number.

*Description source
Esri

*Description of values
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.





Field Shape
 
*Alias Shape
*Data type Geometry
*Width 4
*Precision 0
*Scale 0
*Field description
Feature geometry.

*Description source
ESRI

*Description of values
Coordinates defining the features.





Field ZIP
 
*Alias ZIP
*Data type String
*Width 5
*Precision 0
*Scale 0
Field description
The five-digit number used by the postal service to identify a location where mail is delivered.

Description source
United States Postal Service

Coded values
Name of codelist USPS National 5-Digit ZIP and Post Office Directory
Source United States Postal Service



Field ENC_ZIP
 
*Alias ENC_ZIP
*Data type String
*Width 5
*Precision 0
*Scale 0
Field description
The five-digit ZIP Code of the area that encloses a ZIP Code point (if present) which has no geographic extent defined in terms of street segments, or which correspond to geography not defined in any Postal Service data files.

Description source
Geographic Data Technology, Inc.

Coded values
Name of codelist USPS National 5-Digit ZIP and Post Office Directory
Source United States Postal Service



Field NDHUB.ZIP5Centroids.AREA
 
*Alias NDHUB.ZIP5Centroids.AREA
*Data type Double
*Width 8
*Precision 14
*Scale 3




Field STATE
 
*Alias STATE
*Data type String
*Width 2
*Precision 0
*Scale 0
Field description
The two-letter abbreviation for the state in which the ZIP Code point is located.

Description source
United States Postal Service

Coded values
Name of codelist USPS City/State File
Source United States Postal Service



Field PO_NAME
 
*Alias PO_NAME
*Data type String
*Width 28
*Precision 0
*Scale 0
Field description
The post office name.

Description source
United States Postal Service

Coded values
Name of codelist USPS National 5-Digit ZIP and Post Office Directory
Source United States Postal Service



Field NAMETYPE
 
*Alias NAMETYPE
*Data type String
*Width 30
*Precision 0
*Scale 0
Field description
The type of post office facility.

Description source
United States Postal Service

Coded values
Name of codelist USPS City/State File
Source United States Postal Service



Field CTY1FIPS
 
*Alias CTY1FIPS
*Data type String
*Width 3
*Precision 0
*Scale 0
Field description
The FIPS code for the first county in which the ZIP Code is located.

Description source
Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Coded values
Name of codelist Federal Information Processing Standards
Source National Institute of Standards and Technology



Field CTY2FIPS
 
*Alias CTY2FIPS
*Data type String
*Width 3
*Precision 0
*Scale 0
Field description
The FIPS code for the second county in which the ZIP Code is located.

Description source
Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Coded values
Name of codelist Federal Information Processing Standards
Source National Institute of Standards and Technology



Field CTY3FIPS
 
*Alias CTY3FIPS
*Data type String
*Width 3
*Precision 0
*Scale 0
Field description
The FIPS code for the third county in which the ZIP Code is located.

Description source
Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Coded values
Name of codelist Federal Information Processing Standards
Source National Institute of Standards and Technology



Field RPO_FLAG
 
*Alias RPO_FLAG
*Data type String
*Width 1
*Precision 0
*Scale 0
Field description
The Residential Post Office (post office with mostly residential post office box customers) indicator.

Description source
United States Postal Service

List of values
Value R
Description This ZIP Code is a Residential Post Office.
Enumerated domain value definition source United States Postal Service


Value (blank)
Description This ZIP Code is not a Residential Post Office.




Field ZIP_TYPE
 
*Alias ZIP_TYPE
*Data type String
*Width 20
*Precision 0
*Scale 0
Field description
The type of ZIP Code.

Description source
United States Postal Service

Coded values
Name of codelist USPS City/State File
Source United States Postal Service





Metadata Details 

Metadata language English (UNITED STATES)
Metadata character set  utf8 - 8 bit UCS Transfer Format


Scope of the data described by the metadata  dataset
Scope name* dataset


*Last update 2016-01-19


ArcGIS metadata properties
Metadata format ArcGIS 1.0


Created in ArcGIS for the item 2010-03-02 16:13:13
Last modified in ArcGIS for the item 2016-01-19 14:59:39


Automatic updates
Have been performed Yes
Last update 2016-01-19 14:59:39


Metadata Contacts 

Metadata contact
Individual's name Data Team
Organization's name Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (ESRI)
Contact's role  point of contact


Contact information
Phone
Voice 909-793-2853
Fax 909-793-5953

Address
Type both
Delivery point 380 New York Street
City Redlands
Administrative area California
Postal code 92373-8100
Country US
e-mail addressinfo@esri.com

Hours of service
8:00 a.m.–5:30 p.m. Pacific time, Monday–Friday