Landmarks_GNIS

SDE Feature Class

Tags
United States, Historical, Census Area, structure, society, Borough, Variant name, utilitiesCommunication, economy, Geographical name, Geographic name, Commonwealth, environment, County, Municipio, inlandWaters, Topographic Map, Feature name, Feature class, Feature description, Official feature name, Feature county, Populated Place, imageryBaseMapsEarthCover, Geographical feature, location, Feature identification, Outlying Area, transportation, Feature state, Feature history, District, Territory, Geographic feature, Antarctica, State, Parish, Current, Place name, Feature designation, Feature coordinates

Description

The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is the Federal standard for geographic nomenclature. The U.S. Geological Survey developed the GNIS for the U.S. Board on Geographic Names, a Federal inter-agency body chartered by public law to maintain uniform feature name usage throughout the Government and to promulgate standard names to the public. The GNIS is the official repository of domestic geographic names data; the official vehicle for geographic names use by all departments of the Federal Government; and the source for applying geographic names to Federal electronic and printed products of all types. See http://geonames.usgs.gov for additional information.


Summary

The Geographic Names Information System contains information about physical and cultural geographic features of all types in the United States, associated areas, and Antarctica, current and historical, but not including roads and highways. The database holds the Federally recognized name of each feature and defines the feature location by state, county, USGS topographic map, and geographic coordinates. Other attributes include names or spellings other than the official name, feature designations, feature classification, historical and descriptive information, and for some categories the geometric boundaries. The database assigns a unique, permanent feature identifier, the Feature ID, as a standard Federal key for accessing, integrating, or reconciling feature data from multiple data sets. The GNIS collects data from a broad program of partnerships with Federal, State, and local government agencies and other authorized contributors. The GNIS provides data to all levels of government and to the public, as well as to numerous applications through a web query site, web map and feature services, file download services, and customized files upon request.

Credits

The Geographic Names Information System was developed by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the U.S. Board on Geographic Names.

Use limitations

Acknowledgement of the U.S. Geological Survey would be appreciated in products derived from these data. Not to be used for navigation, for informational purposes only. The State of North Dakota has compiled this data according to conventional cartographic standards, using what is thought to be the most reliable information available. This data is intended to make results of research available at the earliest possible date, but is not intended to constitute final or formal publication. The State of North Dakota makes every effort to provide virus-free files but does not guarantee uncorrupted files. The State of North Dakota does not guarantee this data to be free from errors, inaccuracies, or viruses, and disclaims any responsibility or liability for interpretations or decisions based on this data.

Metadata 

Topics and Keywords 

Themes or categories of the resource  transportation, imageryBaseMapsEarthCover, location, economy, environment, structure, society, inlandWaters, utilitiesCommunication


*Content type  Downloadable Data

Place keywords  North Dakota

Thesaurus
Title Geographic Names Information System, USGS, Reston, VA
Publication date 2017-10-01 00:00:00




Temporal keywords  Historical, Current

Theme keywords  structure, society, Variant name, utilitiesCommunication, economy, Geographical name, Geographic name, environment, inlandWaters, Feature name, Feature class, Feature description, Official feature name, Feature county, imageryBaseMapsEarthCover, Geographical feature, location, Feature identification, transportation, Feature state, Feature history, Geographic feature, Place name, Feature designation, Feature coordinates

Citation 

Title Landmarks_GNIS
Publication date 1981-05-01 00:00:00
Revision date 2017-10-01 00:00:00


Presentation formats* digital map
FGDC geospatial presentation format  Live map layers in ESRI SDE; live query by URL with parameters and response in XML; web form query with tabular, geographic display and printable format; ASCII, UTF-8, or UTF-16 file download


Citation Contacts 

Responsible party
Organization's name U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's role  publisher


Contact information
Address
Delivery point Reston, VA



Responsible party
Organization's name U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's role  originator


Responsible party
Individual's name Bob Nutsch
Organization's name North Dakota Information Technology Department
Contact's position GIS Coordinator
Contact's role  point of contact


Contact information
Phone
Voice 701-328-3212

Address
Type
Delivery point 4201 Normandy Street
City Bismarck
Administrative area North Dakota
Postal code 58503
Country US
e-mail addressbnutsch@nd.gov



Resource Details 

Dataset languages  English (UNITED STATES)
Dataset character set  utf8 - 8 bit UCS Transfer Format


Status  under development
Spatial representation type  vector


Supplemental information
The U.S. Board on Geographic Names was created in 1890 and established in its present form by Public Law in 1947 to establish and maintain uniform geographic name usage throughout the Federal Government. The Board serves all government agencies and the public as the central authority to which name inquiries, name issues, and new name proposals can be directed. It is comprised of representatives of Federal agencies associated with land management and cartography. Sharing its responsibilities with the Secretary of the Interior, the Board develops principles, policies, and procedures governing the use of both domestic and foreign geographic names as well as undersea and Antarctic feature names.

*Processing environment  Version 6.2 (Build 9200) ; Esri ArcGIS 10.4.1.5686


Credits
The Geographic Names Information System was developed by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the U.S. Board on Geographic Names.


Extents 

Extent
Description
Ground Condition

Temporal extent
Beginning date 1974-01-01 00:00:00
Ending date 2017-10-01 00:00:00
Indeterminate date now

Vertical extent
*Minimum value 758.000000
*Maximum value 3504.000000


Extent
Geographic extent
Bounding rectangle
West longitude -180
East longitude 180
South latitude -90
North latitude 72

Vertical extent
*Minimum value 758.000000
*Maximum value 3504.000000


Extent
Geographic extent
Bounding rectangle
Extent type  Extent used for searching
*West longitude -104.045980
*East longitude -96.593127
*North latitude 48.999353
*South latitude 45.936050
*Extent contains the resource Yes

Extent in the item's coordinate system
*West longitude -104.045980
*East longitude -96.593127
*South latitude 45.936050
*North latitude 48.999353
*Extent contains the resource Yes

Resource Points of Contact 

Point of contact
Individual's name Louis A. Yost
Organization's name U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's position Chief, Geographic Names Project
Contact's role  point of contact


Contact information
Phone
Voice 703 648 4552

Address
Type postal
Delivery point 523 National Center
City Reston
Administrative area Virginia
Postal code 20192
e-mail addressgnis_manager@usgs.gov

Hours of service
Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time



Point of contact
Individual's name Bob Nutsch
Organization's name North Dakota Information Technology Department
Contact's position GIS Coordinator
Contact's role  point of contact


Contact information
Phone
Voice 701-328-3212

Address
Type
Delivery point 4201 Normandy Street
City Bismarck
Administrative area North Dakota
Postal code 58503
Country US
e-mail addressbnutsch@nd.gov



Resource Maintenance 

Resource maintenance
Update frequency  as needed


Resource Constraints 

Legal constraints
Limitations of use
Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the U.S. Geological Survey, no warranty expressed or implied is made by the USGS regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. The Geological Survey will warrant the delivery of this product in computer-readable format.

Constraints
Limitations of use

Acknowledgement of the U.S. Geological Survey would be appreciated in products derived from these data. Not to be used for navigation, for informational purposes only. The State of North Dakota has compiled this data according to conventional cartographic standards, using what is thought to be the most reliable information available. This data is intended to make results of research available at the earliest possible date, but is not intended to constitute final or formal publication. The State of North Dakota makes every effort to provide virus-free files but does not guarantee uncorrupted files. The State of North Dakota does not guarantee this data to be free from errors, inaccuracies, or viruses, and disclaims any responsibility or liability for interpretations or decisions based on this data.


Spatial Reference 

ArcGIS coordinate system
*Type Geographic
*Geographic coordinate reference GCS_North_American_1983
*Coordinate reference details
Geographic coordinate system
Well-known identifier 4269
X origin -400
Y origin -400
XY scale 999999999.99999988
Z origin -100000
Z scale 10000
M origin 0
M scale 1
XY tolerance 8.98315284119521e-009
Z tolerance 0.001
M tolerance 0.001
High precision true
Left longitude -180
Latest well-known identifier 4269
Well-known text GEOGCS["GCS_North_American_1983", DATUM["D_North_American_1983", SPHEROID["GRS_1980", 6378137.0, 298.257222101]], PRIMEM["Greenwich", 0.0], UNIT["Degree", 0.0174532925199433], AUTHORITY["EPSG", 4269]]

Reference system identifier
*Value 4269
*Codespace EPSG
*Version 6.12(3.0.1)


Spatial Data Properties 

Scale Range

Maximum (zoomed in)  1:24,000
Minimum (zoomed out)  1:24,000
Vector
*Level of topology for this dataset  geometry only


Geometric objects
Feature class name NDHUB.Landmarks_GNIS
*Object type  point
*Object count 13677



Indirect spatial referencing
Features are located by State and county, and related to the USGS topographic map on which the feature is shown.


Vector
*Level of topology for this dataset  geometry only


Geometric objects
Feature class name NDHUB.Landmarks_GNIS
*Object type  point
*Object count 13677



ArcGIS Feature Class Properties
Feature class name NDHUB.Landmarks_GNIS
*Feature type Simple
*Geometry type Point
*Has topology FALSE
*Feature count 13677
*Spatial index TRUE
*Linear referencing FALSE



Data Quality 

Scope of quality information
Resource level  dataset




Data quality report - Topological consistency
Evaluation method
During Phase I data compilation, a random sample of 10% of the entries in the system were visually verified against the compilation source data (large-scale USGS topographic maps) to ensure logical consistency of locative references (geographic coordinates, topographic map, and county. Subsequent data compilation and input processes include programmed validation checks for logical consistency, visual examination, and spot checks of data.





Data quality report - Conceptual consistency
Measure description
During Phase I data compilation, a random sample of 10% of the entries in the system were visually verified against the compilation source data (large-scale USGS topographic maps) to ensure logical consistency of locative references (geographic coordinates, topographic map, and county. Subsequent data compilation and input processes include programmed validation checks for logical consistency, visual examination, and spot checks of data.





Data quality report - Completeness omission
Measure description
This dataset contains information about United States physical and cultural geographic features of all types and classes, with the exception of most roads and highways. Subsequent to the original data compilation process, which was taken primarily from Federal maps, the GNIS has become dependent on input from Federal, State, county, and local government agencies and other approved sources. The completeness, currency, and accuracy of the data varies by area depending on the quality and timeliness of that input. Accordingly, the Geographic Names Project actively seeks to expand partnerships with Government agencies at all levels and other interested organizations. The latest tools and methodologies are being applied, including web map and feature services, and joint or linked web applications, to ensure that local data are properly represented in the GNIS and through the GNIS to all Federal agencies and to the public. Feature additions or corrections are accepted for consideration from any source, and when validated by appropriate agencies, will be entered into the database. Local and State agencies are encouraged to submit data and to participate in the GNIS partnership program. Non-government organizations with valuable data are considered on a case basis. Authorized partners have access to web based transaction entry and edit forms, which submit data directly to the GNIS for review and inclusion in the database. Partners also submit batch files in most standard formats, and coordinate with the Geographic Names Project to develop joint services, processes, and applications for greatest efficiency. Data entered into the GNIS immediately is available to all web services and applications dependent on it. For additional information or to request user accounts for entry and edit of production data and web seminar training, contact gnis_manager@usgs.gov.





Data quality report - Quantitative attribute accuracy
Measure description
During Phase I data compilation, a random sample of 10% of the entries in the system were visually verified against the compilation source data (large-scale USGS topographic maps) to ensure an accuracy rate of at least 95%. Subsequent data compilation and input processes ensure accuracy with programmed validation checks for format and content, visual examination, and spot checks of data.





Data quality report - Absolute external positional accuracy
Dimension horizontal


Measure description
Accuracy of these digital data is based upon the use of printed or electronic source graphics which are compiled to meet National Map Accuracy Standards. Comparison to the graphic source is used as control to assess digital positional accuracy.





Lineage 

Process step
When the process occurred
Indeterminate date inapplicable
Description
Partnerships - the Geographic Names Project enters into partnerships with State names authorities and State and local GIS agencies to integrate name, location, and attribute data in the GNIS with State and local datasets. These partnerships utilize GIS and web technology to automate and simplify data maintenance, ensure data consistency, integrity, and accuracy, and meet the requirements of the Board on Geographic Names for national names standardization. Government agencies at all levels are encouraged to join this program. Other organizations and individuals will be considered on a case basis. For additional information contact the individual below.



Process contact
Individual's name Louis A. Yost
Organization's name U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's position Chief, Geographic Names Project
Contact's role  processor


Contact information
Phone
Voice 703 648 4552

Address
Type postal
Delivery point 523 National Center
City Reston
Administrative area Virginia
Postal code 20192
e-mail addressgnis_manager@usgs.gov

Hours of service
Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time





Process step
When the process occurred
Indeterminate date inapplicable
Description
GNIS Maintenance program - Federal and state maintenance cooperators submit new and corrected data in conjunction with their mapping and geographical information system data maintenance programs. The GNIS has an active data gathering and maintenance program. A web-based data entry and edit application allows authorized users to submit transaction data directly for validation and entry into the database, where it immediately becomes available to all web services and applications. A test and demonstration site with no connection to production data is available for review, training, and familiarization. Batch files will be accepted in most standard formats. Government agencies at all levels are encouraged to join this program. Other organizations and individuals will be considered on a case basis. For additional information or to request user accounts for entry and edit of production data and web seminar training, contact gnis_manager@usgs.gov or the individual below.



Process contact
Individual's name Louis A. Yost
Organization's name U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's position Chief, Geographic Names Project
Contact's role  processor


Contact information
Phone
Voice 703 648 4552

Address
Type postal
Delivery point 523 National Center
City Reston
Administrative area Virginia
Postal code 20192
e-mail addressgnis_manager@usgs.gov

Hours of service
0900-1700 Eastern time



Source data
Relationship to the process step used


Source citation
Alternate titles  USGS






Source data
Relationship to the process step used


Source citation
Alternate titles  Various






Source data
Relationship to the process step used


Source citation
Alternate titles  USFS






Source data
Relationship to the process step used


Source citation
Alternate titles  USBGN






Source data
Relationship to the process step used


Source citation
Alternate titles  NOAA/NOS








Process step
When the process occurred
Indeterminate date inapplicable
Description
GNIS Phase II data compilation and edit - Feature name and attribute data are collected from official state and local sources and other approved sources including historical maps and documents.



Process contact
Individual's name Louis A. Yost
Organization's name U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's position Chief, Geographic Names Project
Contact's role  processor


Contact information
Phone
Voice 703 648 4552

Address
Type postal
Delivery point 523 National Center
City Reston
Administrative area Virginia
Postal code 20192
e-mail addressgnis_manager@usgs.gov

Hours of service
Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time



Source data
Relationship to the process step used


Source citation
Alternate titles  USGS






Source data
Relationship to the process step used


Source citation
Alternate titles  USBGN








Process step
When the process occurred 1981-05-01
Description
GNIS Phase I data compilation and edit - Feature name and attribute data were collected from the largest-scale USGS topographic maps available. These data are compared to the records of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names.



Process contact
Individual's name Roger L. Payne
Organization's name U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's position Chief, Geographic Names Project
Contact's role  processor


Contact information
Phone
Voice 703 648 4552

Address
Type postal
Delivery point 523 National Center
City Reston
Administrative area Virginia
Postal code 20192
e-mail addressgnis_manager@usgs.gov

Hours of service
Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time



Source data
Relationship to the process step used


Source citation
Alternate titles  USGS






Source data
Relationship to the process step used


Source citation
Alternate titles  USBGN








Source data
Description
Feature names and attribute information



Source medium name  hardcopy—printing on paper
Source citation
Title Records of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names
Alternate titles  USBGN
Publication date
Indeterminate date inapplicable


Responsible party
Organization's name U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's role  originator




Extent of the source data
Description
Creation date

Temporal extent
Beginning date 1890-01-01
Ending date
Indeterminate date now



Source data
Description
Feature names and attribute information



Source citation
Title Unknown
Alternate titles  Various
Publication date
Indeterminate date unknown


Other citation details
Since the original data compilation was completed from the original sources, GNIS accepts data or data changes for consideration from any source, and upon validation by the Board on Geographic Names or the appropriate Federal or state agency, will enter the data into the database. The GNIS has an active data gathering and maintenance program. A web-based data entry and edit application allows authorized users to submit transaction data directly for validation and entry into the database, where it immediately becomes available to all web services and applications. A test and demonstration site with no connection to production data is available for review, training, and familiarization. Batch files will be accepted in most standard formats. Government agencies at all levels are encouraged to join this program. Other organizations and individuals will be considered on a case basis. For additional information or to request user accounts for entry and edit of production data and web seminar training, contact gnis_manager@usgs.gov.



Responsible party
Organization's name Public
Contact's role  originator


Responsible party
Organization's name Council of Geographic Names Authorities (COGNA)
Contact's role  originator


Responsible party
Organization's name U.S. Forest Service
Contact's role  originator


Responsible party
Organization's name Other Federal, state and local agencies
Contact's role  originator


Responsible party
Organization's name National Park Service (NPS)
Contact's role  originator


Responsible party
Organization's name The State Names Authorities
Contact's role  originator


Responsible party
Organization's name National Ocean Service (NOS)
Contact's role  originator




Extent of the source data
Description
Unknown

Temporal extent
Beginning date
Indeterminate date unknown
Ending date
Indeterminate date unknown



Source data
Description
Feature names and attribute information



Source medium name  hardcopy—printing on paper
Resolution of the source data
Scale denominator 24000

Source citation
Title U.S. Forest Service 1:24,000-scale topographic maps and visitor maps
Alternate titles  USFS
Publication date
Indeterminate date unknown


Responsible party
Organization's name U.S. Forest Service
Contact's role  originator




Extent of the source data
Description
Publication date

Temporal extent
Beginning date
Indeterminate date unknown
Ending date
Indeterminate date now



Source data
Description
Feature names and attribute data.



Source medium name  hardcopy—printing on paper
Resolution of the source data
Scale denominator 24000

Source citation
Title 1:24,000-scale topographic maps
Alternate titles  USGS
Publication date
Indeterminate date unknown


Presentation formats  hardcopy map
FGDC geospatial presentation format  Map


Responsible party
Organization's name U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's role  originator


Responsible party
Organization's name U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's role  publisher


Contact information
Address
Delivery point Reston, VA





Extent of the source data
Description
Publication date

Temporal extent
Beginning date
Indeterminate date unknown
Ending date
Indeterminate date now



Source data
Description
Feature names and attribute information



Source medium name  hardcopy—printing on paper
Source citation
Title National Ocean Service charts
Alternate titles  NOAA/NOS
Publication date
Indeterminate date unknown


Responsible party
Organization's name National Ocean Service (NOS)
Contact's role  originator




Extent of the source data
Description
Publication date

Temporal extent
Beginning date
Indeterminate date unknown
Ending date
Indeterminate date now



Distribution 

Distributor
Contact information
Organization's name Geographic Names Project, U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's role  distributor


Contact information
Phone
Voice 703 648 4552

Address
Type postal
Delivery point 523 National Center
City Reston
Administrative area Virginia
Postal code 20192
e-mail addressgnis_manager@usgs.gov

Hours of service
Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time



Available format
Name ASCII.
Format information content Data extract files for States and territories are available for download via web browser. Topical extracts of the data base are also available: the U.S. Populated Places File lists information about all communities throughout the United States that are described in the database; the U.S. Concise File lists information about major physical and cultural features throughout the United States that are described in the database; the Historical Features File lists information about features which are no longer in existence and/or no longer serve their original purpose; the All Names File lists all names, both official and nonofficial (variant), for all features in the nation; and the Antarctica File contains entries throughout the continent of Antarctica as approved for use by the United States Government. The data is presented in format ASCII, UTF-8, or UTF-16.


Ordering process
Terms and fees None

Transfer options
Online source

Transfer options
Online source
Description  Document of Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Metadata



Distributor
Contact information
Organization's name Geographic Names Project, U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's role  distributor


Contact information
Phone
Voice 703 648 4552

Address
Type postal
Delivery point 523 National Center
City Reston
Administrative area Virginia
Postal code 20192
e-mail addressgnis_manager@usgs.gov

Hours of service
Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time



Available format
Name Arc SDE.
Format information content Primary attributes are available from the names layers served through an ESRI ArcGIS web map service. The following are instructions for access by ESRI ArcMap. For other tools, please adjust accordingly. 1) Click Add Data, 2) expand drop-down to GIS Servers, 3) select Add WMS Server, 4) enter the following full URL, 5) click Get Layers, then click OK, (The service is added to the list of available servers), 6) select service if not already highlighted, 7) click Add, 8) select the service again in pop up box, 9) click Add. The layers should appear in the ArcMap table of contents. No data will appear until you zoom in far enough over continental the US. The layers display at varying resolutions. See these same layers in The National Map viewer under the Names category in the layer list. The names layers do not include all attributes. Customized files of large data sets also can be provided on request in most standard formats including shape files. The data is presented in format Arc SDE.


Ordering process
Terms and fees None

Transfer options
Online source

Transfer options
Online source
Description  Document of Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Metadata



Distributor
Contact information
Organization's name Geographic Names Project, U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's role  distributor


Contact information
Phone
Voice 703 648 4552

Address
Type postal
Delivery point 523 National Center
City Reston
Administrative area Virginia
Postal code 20192
e-mail addressgnis_manager@usgs.gov

Hours of service
Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time



Available format
Name XML.
Format information content Primary attributes are available from the GNIS XML service. Instructions: Insert desired parameter value(s) in single quotes following the equals sign. Do not change or delete unused parameters. Parameter definitions: fname = feature name. (Exact match. Not case sensitive.) state = state name. (Exact match. Case sensitive.) cnty = county name. (Exact match. Not case sensitive.) cell = USGS standard topographic map name. (Exact match. Not case sensitive.) ftype = feature type (class). See the GNIS public query page (http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/). The pick list for feature class contains the values. Note that the value (populated place) in the pick list is abbreviated (ppl) in the data. See question 14, How can I acquire GNIS data?, of our FAQ (http://geonames.usgs.gov/domestic/faqs.htm) for more details and sample URLs. As currently implemented, it is for relatively small data set queries not for mass downloads. It does not include all attributes. Customized files of large data sets also can be provided on request in most standard formats. The data is presented in format XML.


Ordering process
Terms and fees None

Transfer options
Online source

Transfer options
Online source
Description  Document of Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Metadata



Distributor
Contact information
Organization's name Geographic Names Project, U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's role  distributor


Contact information
Phone
Voice 703 648 4552

Address
Type postal
Delivery point 523 National Center
City Reston
Administrative area Virginia
Postal code 20192
e-mail addressgnis_manager@usgs.gov

Hours of service
Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time



Available format
Name HTML.
Format information content All GNIS data may be queried, displayed, and/or printed from the public web site


Ordering process
Terms and fees None

Transfer options
Online source

Transfer options
Online source
Description  Document of Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Metadata



Distributor
Contact information
Organization's name Geographic Names Project, U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's role  distributor


Contact information
Phone
Voice 703 648 4552

Address
Type postal
Delivery point 523 National Center
City Reston
Administrative area Virginia
Postal code 20192
e-mail addressgnis_manager@usgs.gov

Hours of service
Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time



Available format
Name ASCII.
Format information content Datasets of under 2000 records may be queried and displayed from the public web site and downloaded


Ordering process
Terms and fees None

Transfer options
Online source

Transfer options
Online source
Description  Document of Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Metadata



Distribution format
*Name SDE Feature Class


Transfer options
Online source

Fields 

Details for object NDHUB.Landmarks_GNIS 
*Type Feature Class
*Row count 13677
Definition
A geographic feature is any relatively permanent part of the natural or manmade landscape or seascape that has recognizable identity within a particular cultural context. The primary attributes of a geographic feature are name and location.

Definition source
Principles, Policies, and Procedures: Domestic Geographic Names, By Donald J. Orth, Executive Secretary, Domestic Geographic Names (emeritus) and Roger L. Payne, Executive Secretary, United States Board on Geographic Names and Domestic Geographic Names, Third printing (revised) and Preliminary Online Edition, 1997 (http://geonames.usgs.gov/docs/pro_pol_pro.pdf).



Field OBJECTID
 
*Alias OBJECTID
*Data type OID
*Width 4
*Precision 10
*Scale 0
*Field description
Internal feature number.

*Description source
Esri

*Description of values
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.





Field Shape
 
*Alias SHAPE
*Data type Geometry
*Width 4
*Precision 0
*Scale 0
*Field description
Feature geometry.

*Description source
Esri

*Description of values
Coordinates defining the features.





Field FEATURE_ID
 
*Alias FEATURE_ID
*Data type Double
*Width 8
*Precision 38
*Scale 8




Field FEATURE_NAME
 
*Alias FEATURE_NAME
*Data type String
*Width 255
*Precision 0
*Scale 0




Field FEATURE_CLASS
 
*Alias FEATURE_CLASS
*Data type String
*Width 255
*Precision 0
*Scale 0




Field STATE_ALPHA
 
*Alias STATE_ALPHA
*Data type String
*Width 255
*Precision 0
*Scale 0




Field STATE_NUMERIC
 
*Alias STATE_NUMERIC
*Data type Double
*Width 8
*Precision 38
*Scale 8




Field COUNTY_NAME
 
*Alias COUNTY_NAME
*Data type String
*Width 255
*Precision 0
*Scale 0




Field COUNTY_NUMERIC
 
*Alias COUNTY_NUMERIC
*Data type Double
*Width 8
*Precision 38
*Scale 8




Field PRIMARY_LAT_DMS
 
*Alias PRIMARY_LAT_DMS
*Data type String
*Width 255
*Precision 0
*Scale 0




Field PRIM_LONG_DMS
 
*Alias PRIM_LONG_DMS
*Data type String
*Width 255
*Precision 0
*Scale 0




Field PRIM_LAT_DEC
 
*Alias PRIM_LAT_DEC
*Data type Double
*Width 8
*Precision 38
*Scale 8




Field PRIM_LONG_DEC
 
*Alias PRIM_LONG_DEC
*Data type Double
*Width 8
*Precision 38
*Scale 8




Field SOURCE_LAT_DMS
 
*Alias SOURCE_LAT_DMS
*Data type String
*Width 255
*Precision 0
*Scale 0




Field SOURCE_LONG_DMS
 
*Alias SOURCE_LONG_DMS
*Data type String
*Width 255
*Precision 0
*Scale 0




Field SOURCE_LAT_DEC
 
*Alias SOURCE_LAT_DEC
*Data type Double
*Width 8
*Precision 38
*Scale 8




Field SOURCE_LONG_DEC
 
*Alias SOURCE_LONG_DEC
*Data type Double
*Width 8
*Precision 38
*Scale 8




Field ELEV_IN_M
 
*Alias ELEV_IN_M
*Data type Double
*Width 8
*Precision 38
*Scale 8




Field ELEV_IN_FT
 
*Alias ELEV_IN_FT
*Data type Double
*Width 8
*Precision 38
*Scale 8




Field MAP_NAME
 
*Alias MAP_NAME
*Data type String
*Width 255
*Precision 0
*Scale 0




Field DATE_CREATED
 
*Alias DATE_CREATED
*Data type Date
*Width 8
*Precision 0
*Scale 0




Field DATE_EDITED
 
*Alias DATE_EDITED
*Data type Date
*Width 8
*Precision 0
*Scale 0






References 

Aggregate Information
Association type  cross reference


Aggregate resource name
Title The National Map
Publication date
Indeterminate date unknown


Other citation details
The National Map, is a seamless, continuously maintained set of public domain geographic base information that serves as a foundation for integrating, sharing, and using other data easily and consistently. The National Map viewer is a Web-enabled portal to all of the geospatial information contained in The National Map. This portal not only supports on-line access to the geospatial information, but also allows the download of digital data and creation of cartographic products. The GNIS supports The National Map as the source for the gazetteer search in Find Place function of The National Map viewer and as active names layers.



Responsible party
Organization's name U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's role  originator


Resource location online



Aggregate Information
Association type  cross reference


Aggregate resource name
Title GEOnet Names Server
Publication date
Indeterminate date unknown


Other citation details
The GEOnet Names Server (GNS) provides access to the National Geospatial Agency (NGA) database of foreign geographic feature names. The database is the official repository of foreign place-name decisions approved by the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (US BGN). Approximately 20,000 of the database's features are updated monthly.



Responsible party
Organization's name National Geospatial Agency (NGA)
Contact's role  originator


Resource location online



Aggregate Information
Association type  cross reference


Aggregate resource name
Title LandView
Publication date
Indeterminate date unknown


Other citation details
LandView is a desktop mapping system that searches and maps selected information from the Environmental Protection Agency, the Census Bureau, and the U.S. Geological Survey. LandView contains a large subset of GNIS feature, location, and attribute data for the United States. It is available on DVD. See the LandView web site for information concerning the latest edition and ordering.



Responsible party
Organization's name U.S. Census Bureau
Contact's role  originator


Resource location online



Aggregate Information
Association type  cross reference


Aggregate resource name
Title The National Atlas
Publication date
Indeterminate date unknown


Other citation details
The National Atlas summarizes national-scale geographical information and delivers easy to use, map-like views of America's natural and sociocultural landscapes. This digital version revises a large bound collection of paper maps that was published in 1970. The Atlas serves a diverse populace as an essential reference, a framework for information discovery, an instrument of education, an aid in research, and a reliable source of government information. It includes stimulating products and services for children and adults to understand complex relationships among environments, places, and people. It contributes to our knowledge of the environmental, resource, demographic, economic, social, political, and historical dimensions of American life. Though it cannot display detailed map information, the Atlas directs users to other sources for this information. The GNIS provides geographic feature, location, and attribute data to the National Atlas.



Responsible party
Organization's name U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's role  originator


Resource location online



Aggregate Information
Association type  cross reference


Aggregate resource name
Title The National Hydrography Dataset
Publication date
Indeterminate date unknown


Other citation details
The National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) is a comprehensive set of digital spatial data that contains information about surface water features such as lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, springs and wells. Within the NHD, surface water features are combined to form "reaches," which provide the framework for linking water-related data to the NHD surface water drainage network. These linkages enable the analysis and display of these water-related data in upstream and downstream order. The GNIS provides geographic feature name data to the National Hydrography Dataset.



Responsible party
Organization's name U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's role  originator


Resource location online



Aggregate Information
Association type  cross reference


Aggregate resource name
Title Geodata.gov, Geospatial One-Stop
Publication date
Indeterminate date unknown


Other citation details
Geodata.gov is a geographic information system (GIS) portal, also known as the Geospatial One-Stop (GOS) that serves as a public gateway for improving access to geospatial information and data under the Geospatial One-Stop E-Government initiative. Geospatial One-Stop is one of 24 E-Government initiatives sponsored by the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to enhance government efficiency and to improve citizen services. See the Geographic Names community in geodata.gov.



Responsible party
Organization's name U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's role  originator


Resource location online



Metadata Details 

Metadata language English (UNITED STATES)
Metadata character set  utf8 - 8 bit UCS Transfer Format


Scope of the data described by the metadata  dataset
Scope name* dataset


*Last update 2017-11-16


ArcGIS metadata properties
Metadata format ArcGIS 1.0
Metadata style ISO 19139 Metadata Implementation Specification
Standard or profile used to edit metadata ISO19139


Created in ArcGIS for the item 2016-06-27 08:41:55
Last modified in ArcGIS for the item 2017-11-16 14:14:27


Automatic updates
Have been performed Yes
Last update 2017-11-16 14:14:27


Metadata Contacts 

Metadata contact
Individual's name Louis A. Yost
Organization's name U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's position Chief, Geographic Names Project
Contact's role  point of contact


Contact information
Phone
Voice 703 648 4552

Address
Type postal
Delivery point 523 National Center
City Reston
Administrative area Virginia
Postal code 20192